Haemorrhoids are referred to the swollen veins around the anus region forming by vascular specialist. Under normal conditions, they are the cushions which control and hold the faeces, after infection these cushions swell up and turn into piles. There is over flow of blood into the arteries which is controlled and then whole treatment is conducted to regain the health of the region. Patients have to follow a special diet as the problem is related with their anal tract and the situations can get really painful if treatment is not done on time.
Haemorrhoidal Artery Ligation is considered as the best procedure to recover from haemorrhoids. Procedure is conducted into two parts. The objective of the first part is to contain the exceeding flow of blood into the arteries by detecting the individual artery with help of Doppler ultrasound and then ligating it with the help of surgical suture. In the second part, the correction of the attendant prolapse of the haemorrhoid is done in which the mucosa and sub-mucosa are set to their original positions.
Are there complications involved with the HAL procedure?
There are no complications involved with haemorrhoidal artery ligation. General anaesthesia is given to the patients during the procedure. During the treatment course which lasts couple of weeks there can be problems in urinating. Bowel system will also not work for one-two days, if the time period extends then patient must report to the doctors and they will give the recommended treatments. The procedures are generally completed by day care time; if the patient requires or the situation is serious then overnight stay at hospital must be done.
Complications involving bleeding or any other infection are very rare. There can be mild fever in the post-operation days but if there is continuous bleeding then patients must contact to their doctors without causing any delay. Patients should avoid holding on their urine as it will put excessive pressure on the operated regions.
The results of the procedure are excellent and patients are completely cured. Improvements are seen immediately but the treatment prolongs over 12 weeks to fully recover from the disease. After the surgery, patients should take rest for a week or so and should not put strain on their muscles. The post operative pain is inevitable and pain killers are required to counter them. Also, the bowel movement cannot be avoided for long hence patients must take proper nutritious diet in their post-operative periods. Generally it takes few weeks for patient’s bowel system to get back to normal routine until then if any discomfort persists then doctors must be contacted immediately.